EXERCISES AND SOLUTIONS REFERRING TO THE GRAMMATICAL COMPENDIUM OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE (CHAPTERS 01-13)

 

 

ÜBUNGEN UND LÖSUNGEN ZUM

GRAMMATIK-KOMPENDIUM ENGLISCH (KAPITEL 01-13)

 

 

PART B : THE SOLUTIONS (DIE LÖSUNGEN)

 

 

Die Übersetzungen beziehen sich ausschließlich auf die britische Variante des Englischen (BE). Falls sich eine Übersetzung auf die amerikanische Variante des Englischen (AE) bezieht, wird dies angegeben !

 

 

02) The Article - Der Artikel

 

 

A) Übersetze und setze den richtigen Artikel !

(bestimmter + unbestimmter Artikel - Nullartikel auch möglich !)

 

01) I have time.

02) It is 7 or 8 o'clock in the evening ?

03) I do not like beer.

04) Africa ist a very poor continent.

05) Manchester and Plymouth are British cities.

06) The Isle of Man belongs to Great Britain.

07) London is the capital of Great Britain.

08) He waited approximately half an hour.

09) He plays the guitar.

10) He did it by the help of his mother.

11) Every Sunday I go to church.

12) February is the shortest month of the year.

13) In summer it is hot.

14) This event fell into oblivion.

15) You have very little time. You are always on move.

16) He is known as a good friend.

17) Last week my friends visited me.

18) Great Britain is a very beautiful country.

19) The behaviour of some people is very questionable.

20) We would like to go to France.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

B) Setze den richtigen unbestimmten Artikel (a / an) !

 

a) a cup of tea

b) an old lady

c) an end

d) a pencil

e) an action

f) a dress

g) a sign

h) an American businessman

i) a window

j) a radio

k) an order

l) a uniform

m) an hour

n) a university

o) an umbrella

p) an old house

q) a desk

r) a building

s) an English book

t) an apple

u) an idee

v) an ideal solution

x) a decision

y) an honour

z) a one-way ticket

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

C) Setze a / anein, aber nur, wenn notwendig !

 

a) She has a nice sister.

b) He went out without an umbrella.

c) He was in an hurry, so I forgot to buy a ticket.

d) Her father is an artist.

e) I have a terrible headache.

f) She was a Catholic.

g) She shop sells about a hundred of fridges a year.

h) What a wonderful castle !

i) He visited me in / June.

j) A certain Mr. Mills wants to speak to you.

 

 

D) Setze the ein, aber nur, wenn notwendig !

 

a) / Life is short.

b) The life of Charlie Chaplin was very interesting.

c) They charged us double the price because we were tourists.

d) Don't be late / dinner !

e) When does / school begin ?

f) He works at the hospital in / Main Street.

g) The lady over there is the waitress.

h) The workers are painting the walls of the prison.

i) / Gold is more expensive than / silver.

j) / Bread is made from / flour.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

03) The Noun - Das Substantiv

 

 

A) Setze die Substantive in den Plural !

 

01) shops

02) children

03) hovercraft

04) bookshelves

05) families

06) wives

07) tomatoes

08) buses

09) companies

10) gentlemen

11) geese

12) mice

13) theses

14) pianos

15) feet

16) ferries

17) chairmen

18) sons-in-law

19) roundabouts

20) men students

21) have-nots

22) good-for-nothings

23) passers-by

24) oxen

25) crises

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

B) Benutze des s-Genitiv und übersetze !

 

01) These are my cat's toys.

02) This is my mother's purse.

03) This is the ladies' hairdresser.

04) This is Martin's room.

05) These are the women's magazines.

06) This is my sister's birthday.

07) This is my father's lighter.

08) These are the girls' handbags.

09) This is Tom's uniform.

10) I like five-minutes' walks.

 

 

C) Benutze den s-Genitiv oder of-Genitiv !

 

01) the wall of the garden

02) cup of tea

03) the page of the book

04) 5 minutes' discussion

05) the bird's cage

06) my employer's office

07) the frame of the picture

08) the loss of the briefcase

09) Shakespeare's work

10) the growth of the flowers

11) the university of London

12) last month's business

13) the headline of the article

14) at the Porters'

15) length of the letter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

04) The Adjective and the Adverb - Das Adjektiv und das Adverb

 

 

A) Setze die richtige Steigerungsform des Adjektivs ein !

 

01) London is not the most expensive city in the world.

02) The DLR is faster than the bus.

03) Our school isn´t as famous as the Tower.

04) The people in London are the most polite in the country.

05) Lily´s room isn´t as big as Jake´s room.

06) The buses in London aren´t as clean as Dad´s taxi.

07) This is the most awful pizza in London!

08) The cows on the farm were louder than the sheep.

09) Lily´s present from Lucy was the most special present.

10) Ben had three hamburgers. He was the hungriest boy in the class.

11) It rained all day. It was the worst day of the holiday.

12) The roads in London are busier than the roads in Scotland.

13) The Beefeaters are the friendliest guards in London.

14) The Crown Jewels are more expensive than my earrings.

15) Buckingham Palace is the best sight in London.

16) The policeman was as nice as the Beefeater.

17) Big Ben is bigger than Sue´s house.

18) You can meet the coolest people in Hyde Park.

19) The bells in the clock tower are louder than my CDs.

20) The best street for shopping is Oxford Street.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

B)

Übersetze und setze die

richtige Steigerungsform des Adjektivs ein !

 

01. Für mich ist rot die schönste Farbe.

For me, red is the most beautiful colour.

02. Mein Computer war billiger als deiner.

My computer was cheaper than yours / your one.

03. Dieses Buch ist genauso gut wie das andere.

This book is as good as the other one.

04. Berlin ist eine größere Stadt als Frankfurt.

Berlin is a bigger city than Frankfurt.

05. Das ist der beste Weg.

This is the best way.

06. Mein Bruder ist der höflichste Junge von allen.

My brother is the most polite / the politest boy of all.

07. Dieses Telefon war teurer als das andere.

This telephone was more expensive than the other one.

08. Die einfachsten Wörter sind die besten.

The most simple / simplest words are the best.

09. Deine Situation ist schlechter als meine Situation.

Your situation is worse than my situation.

10. Mein kleiner Bruder ist jünger als der Sohn der Nachbarn.

My little brother is younger than the neighbours' son.

 

 

C) Übersetze die folgenden Ausdrücke !

 

01. leichter als easier than

02. so teuer wie as expensive as

03. je eher, desto besser the sooner the better

04. am kleinsten the smallest

05. so schön wie as nice as

06. nicht so alt wie not as old as

07. weniger groß als less big than

08. immer teurer more and more expensive

09. am besten the best

10. fauler als lazier than

11. so billig wie as cheap as

12. länger als longer than

13. immer besser better and better

14. am schwierigsten the most difficult

15. weniger hübsch als less nice than

16. am interessantesten the most interesting

17. neuer als newer than

18. so dick wie as thick as

19. weniger höflich als less polite than

20. so müde wie as tired as

 

 

D) Wie lauten die passenden Adverbien ?

 

01. direct directly

02. fast fast

03. full fully

04. fantastical fantastically

05. correct correctly

06. careful carefully

07. happy happily

08. true truly

09. extreme extremely

10. silly in a silly way

11. cheap cheaply

12. probable probably

13. busy busily

14. pretty pretty / prettily

15. fair fair / fairly

16. rare rarely

17. recent recently

18. intelligent intelligently

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E) Adjektiv oder Adverb ?

 

01. He quickly reads a book.

02. Mandy is a pretty girl.

03. The class is terribly loud today.

04. Max is a good singer.

05. You can easily open this tin.

06. It's a terrible day today.

07. She sings the song well .

08. He is a careful driver.

09. He drives the car carefully .

10. The dog barks loudly .

11. The bus driver was seriously injured.

12. Kevin is extremely clever.

13. This hamburger tastes awful .

14. Be careful with this glass of milk ! It's hot.

15. Robin looks sad . What's the matter with him ?

16. Jack is terribly upset about losing his keys.

17. This steak smells good .

18. Our basketball team played badly last Friday.

19. Don't speak so fast ! I cannot understand you.

20. Maria slowly opened her present.

 

 

F) Adjektiv oder Adverb ?

 

01. He quickly reads a book.

02. He is a really perfect boy.

03. He tries to do all well .

04. He has a fast car and also drives fast .

05. You can easily open this tin.

06. He is a careful driver and also drives carefully .

07. Suddenly, they left the house.

08. He is seriously ill.

09. He bought an extremely cheap car.

10. The dog barks intensively .

11. Fortunately, the bus driver was only easily injured.

12. It became more and more rainy .

13. This hamburger tastes really terrible .

14. Keep calm !

15. He was surprisingly polite and extraordinarily attentive.

16. Especially, when he has had a few drinks, he drives carelessly.

17. Your idea sounds very good .

18. Our basketball team played badly last Friday.

19. He looked angrily at them.

20. When he heard that, he turned angry.

21. It is possible that he will do it.

22. It is possibly better to help him.

23. He did it convincingly .

24. He speaks a fluent English, but he does not speak French fluently .

25. He is quickly offended.

26. They have been happily married for 25 years.

27. He must go to school regularly .

28. The dog is not usually loud, but sometimes he barks loudly.

29. All languages can be learned easily .

30. That sounds strange to me.

31. He is a real danger to others. That really disturbs me.

32. He was completely surprised when he heard the news.

33. Be careful and walk carefully ! It is raining outside.

34. She won a complete dinner set.

35. The plants grow slow .

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

G) Übersetze und benutze entweder Adjektiv oder Adverb !

 

01. Peter ist ein guter Schüler, obwohl (= although) er nicht regelmäßig lernt.

Peter is a good pupil although he does not learn regularly.

02. Mein Bruder fährt vorsichtig.

My brother drives carefully.

03. Dieses Auto ist sehr schnell und fährt auch schnell.

This car is very fast and also drives fast.

04. Warum schreibst du gute Noten ? Du lernst nie.

Why do you write good notes ? You never learn.

05. Schmeckt das Fleisch gut ?

Does the meat taste good ?

06. Mein Bruder ist fürchterlich krank.

My brother is terribly ill.

07. Die Schüler kamen pünktlich am Bahnhof an.

The pupils arrived punctually at the station.

08. Sie singt außergewöhnlich (= extraordinary) schön.

She sings extraordinarily well.

09. Er benimmt sich seltsam.

He behaves (himself) strangely.

10. Das scheint richtig zu sein.

That seems to be right.

11. Max läuft genauso schnell wie Peter.

Max runs as quickly as Peter.

12. Er lernt weniger als ich.

He learns less than me.

13. Sie kocht schlechter als meine Mutter.

She cooks worse than my mother.

14. Mein Nachbar spricht besser Französisch als Englisch.

My neighbour speaks better French than English.

15. Gib mir bitte genauere Informationen und sage mir genau, welche !

Please give me more exact information and say me exactly which one !

 

 

 

 

05) The Pronouns - Die Pronomina

 

 

A)

Ersetze die unterstrichenen Satzteile durch

das richtige Subjekt- bzw. Objekt-Pronomen !

 

01) My mother cannot find her handbag.

She cannot find it.

02) I met my neighbours on the street last week.

I met them on the street last week.

03) The books are on the table.

They are on the table.

04) Did you see the photos ?

Did you see them ?

05) Father's pipe is in the kitchen.

It is in the kitchen.

06) I like the house very much.

I like it very much.

07) He got his new car yesterday.

He got it yesterday.

08) The telephone is out of order.

It is out of order.

09) Did you see my sister and her husband ?

Did you see them ?

10) My mother baked the cake yesterday.

She baked it yesterday.

11) My mother gave my father the key.

My mother gave it to him.

12) My mother gave my father the key.

My mother gave the key to him.

13) My mother gave my father the key.

My mother gave it to my father.

14) I agree to the contract.

I agree to it.

15) Leave the TV on !

Leave it on !

16) Do not worry about our children. They are good boys.

Do not worry about them. They are good boys.

17) I offer my brother a glass of beer.

I offer him a glass of beer

18) I offer my brother a glass of beer.

I offer it to my brother.

19) I offer my brother a glass of beer.

I offer it to him.

20) Why did you say the truth to my brother ?

I say it to my brother.

21) Why did you say the truth to my brother ?

I offer it to him.

22) Why did you say the truth to my brother ?

I say the truth to him.

23) I purchase that car from my neighbour.

I purchase it from my neighbour.

24) I purchase that car from my neighbour.

I purchase it from him.

25) I purchase that car from my neighbour.

I purchase that car from him.

26) The police has to back up the crimes.

The police has to back them up.

27) My father and I repaired the bike ourselves.

We repaired it ourselves.

28) The butler opened the door.

He opened it.

29) I got a present from my father.

I got it from him.

30) My mother broke up the relation.

My mother broke it up.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

B) Setzewho ?“, „which ?oderwhat ?ein !

(Manchmal gibt es mehrere Möglichkeiten)

 

01) What can we do ?

02) What / Who(m) are they talking about ?

03) Who (m) did you help yesterday ?

04) What did you do yesterday ?

05) Which of the girls did you help yesterday ?

06) Can you see what is in the room ?

07) Which room is that – yours or hers ?

08) I do not know what kind of human being he is.

09) Who can tell me the way ton the station ?

10) What do you want to drink ?

11) What kind of girl is she ?

12) Which kind of girl is she, a silent or a loud one ?

 

 

C) Setze which ? oder what ? ein !

 

01) Which handbag is yours, the black or the white one ?

02) What kind of apples do you usually buy ?

03) Which of these flowers do you take ?

04) Which river is longer, the Thames or the Rhine ?

05) What is your telephone number ?

06) What kind of sports do you like best ?

07) Which of the books on the table are yours ?

08) Which house is yours, number 34 or 35 ?

09) What house is yours ?

10) What comes next ?

11) Which of you can give me the answer ?

12) What people were at the party ?

13) Which of your friends do you want to invite ?

14) What way will you go ?

15) Which way will you go, this one or that one ?

 

 

 

 

 

D) Übersetze mit dem richtigen Frage-Fürwort als Subjekt !

 

01) Was für ein Tisch ist das ?

What kind of table is this ?

02) Welches ist dein Lieblingsfach (= favourite subject) ?

What is your favourite subject ?

03) Welches Fach interessiert dich mehr ? Sport oder Deutsch ?

Which subject interests you more ? Sports or German ?

Which subject are you more interested in ? Sports or German ?

04) Wer kommt als erster ?

Who comes first ?

05) Welches Buch liegt auf dem Tisch ?

What book is on the table ? 06) Was stört dich ?

06) Was stört dich ?

What disturbs you ?

07) Wer stört dich ?

Who disturbs you ?

 

 

E) Frage nach dem unterstrichenem Satzteil !

 

01) I would like to spend my holidays with my aunt.

Who would you like to spend your holidays with ?

02) My father is looking at an English magazine.

What kind of magazine is your father looking at ?

03) My favourite football club is the Hamburger SV.

What is your favourite football club ?

04) I was introduced to many interesting people.

Who where you introduced to ?

05) My brother sold his car to our neighbour.

Who did your brother sell his car to ?

06) Ms Springer called you one hour ago.

Who called me ?

07) I have to send my brother the photos at once.

Who do you have to send the photos to at once ?

08) The tennis racket is in the wardrobe.

What is in the wardrobe ?

 

09) The boys are laughing at the new student.

What are the boys laughing at ?

10) There are three cars in front of the hotel. The green one is mine.

Which one is yours ?

11) I have seen this man before.

Who have you seen before ?

12) My friend knows Mr Smith.

Who(m) does my friend know ?

13) My friend knows Mr Smith.

Who knows Mr Smith ?

14) The Guinness Book of Records is published by a brewery.

What is pulished by a brewery ?

15) My mother would like to talk to the headmistress.

Who would your mother like to talk to ?

 

 

F) Setze das richtige Reflexiv-Pronomen ein !

 

01) I introduce myself to our new neighbour.

02) She made herself a pullover.

03) The father decided to repair the car himself.

04) You will have to finish your homework yourself / yourselves.

05) In the youth hostel we had to make the beds ourselves.

06) He was sitting in the living room all by himself.

07) I would like to speak to the doctor himself.

08) She knew him better than he knew himself.

09) They like talking about themselves.

10) The boss decided to answer the phone call himself.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

G)

Setze entweder das reflexive Objekt-Pronomen

oder das nicht-reflexive Objekt-Pronomen ein !

 

01) Shut the door behind you !

02) Have we got to do this all by ourselves ?

03) We enjoyed ourselves very much at the theatre.

04) The boss brought a lot of work with himself.

05) When I saw her, she had a dog beside her.

06) The model looked at herself in the mirror.

07) My daughter is too young to go out by herself.

08) My brother himself saw the accident.

09) The elephant washed (itself).

10) The boys are old enough to look after themselves.

 

 

H)

Reflexiv, nicht-reflexiv oder fakultativ reflexiv im Englischen ?

Setze die richtige Möglichkeit ein !

(Achtung : Die Reflexivitität eines Verbs weicht

im Englischen und Deutschen oft voneinander ab.)

 

01) Prepare (yourself / yourselves) for the exams !

02) He moved / too quickly.

03) You have to content yourself / yourselves with the things you possess.

04) The elephants washed (themselves).

05) The children have hidden (themselves) .

06) My parents divorced / last year.

07) What happened / yesterday ?

08) Why did you not busy yourself / yourselves with your homework ?

09) Get dressed / ! It is cold outside.

10) Behave (yourself / yourselves) duly !

 

 

 

 

 

I)

Reflexiv, nicht-reflexiv oder fakultativ reflexiv im Englischen ?

Übersetze die Sätze in das Englische !

(Achtung : Die Reflexivitität eines Verbs weicht

im Englischen und Deutschen oft voneinander ab.)

 

01) Ich kann mir nicht nicht vorstellen, warum er das getan hat.

I cannot imagine why he did it.

02) Immer wenn ich müde, mache ich es mir zu Hause bequem.

When I am tired, I make myself comfortable.

03) Sie schauen sich einander an.

They look at each other.

04) Die Zeiten haben sich erheblich geändert.

The times have considerably changed.

05) Sie hat sich vollständig von ihrer Krankheit erholt.

She has completely recovered from her disease.

06) Beschweren Sie sich nicht über ihn !

Do not complain about him !

07) Ihr könnt alles benutzen, was ihr wollt.

You can avail yourselves of all (that) you want.

08) Die Summe belief sich auf 10.000€.

The sum amounted to 10,000€.

09) Ich werde mich um einen neuen Job bewerben.

I am going to apply / I will apply for a new job.

10) Mein Bruder näherte sich dem Haus.

My brother approached the house.

11) Du musst dich auf Unannehmlichkeiten einstellen.

You have to adjust (yourself) to inconveniences.

12) Ich konnte mir das Auto nicht leisten.

I could not afford the car.

13) Er erkundigte sich, ob der Chef schon gegangen war.

He inquired whether the boss had already gone.

14) Als er sich rasierte, hat er sich geschnitten.

When he was shaving, he cut himself.

15) Vergewissere dich, dass die Kinder schlafen !

Make sure that the children sleep !

 

 

 

J) Beantworte die Fragen zu den Relativ-Pronomina richtig !

 

 

01) which / that / whose

 

02) I do not remember the name of the person to whom I gave the key.

 

03) The woman who I play tennis with has no children.

The woman who gave you the keys lives upstars.

The woman who we met last night is from Brazil.

The woman who you have just seen is my sister.

 

04) It is the hotel manager who you should complain to.

It is the hotel manager to whom you should complain.

It is the hotel manager that you should complain to.

It is the hotel manager which you should complain to.

 

05) In einem bestimmenden Relativ-Satz ist die Information für den Hauptsatz wichtig und wird nicht durch Kommata abgetrennt.

In einem nicht bestimmenden Relativ-Satz ist die Information für den Hauptsatz unwichtig und wird durch Kommata abgetrennt.

Der bestimmende Relativ-Satz heißt „defining relative clause“ und der nicht bestimmende Relativ-Satz heißt „non-defining relative clause“.

 

06) that

 

07) The police will fight criminals wherever they are.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

K) Setze das richtige Relativ-Pronomen ein !

(Manchmal gibt es mehrere Möglichkeiten.)

 

01) The girl who / (that) sat over there has gone.

02) The dogs that / which ran away were frightened.

03) The actor, whose movies are very successful, is nominated for the Oscar.

04) The teacher who(m) I like does not like me.

05) Students who / (that) work hard will always be successful.

06) The boy whose mother had had an accident also had to go to hospital.

07) The building which / that belongs to my grandfather is old.

08) My sister, who usually talks a lot, is not coming to the party.

09) Harrod's, which is a famous department store in London, sells nearly everything.

10) The pop star, who / (that) she had once seen on stage, was staying on the hotel opposite.

11) Everybody was fond of the presents which / that she had bought in London.

12) Brighton, which / that is a famous English seaside resort, has a lot of nice shops.

13) The artist who / (that) painted this picture is very famous.

14) The house whose roof was damaged by the storm is very old.

15) My brother is the person who my father is so angry about.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

L)

Übersetze und benutze, wo nötig,

das richtige Relativ-Pronomen !

(Manchmal gibt es mehrere Möglichkeiten.)

 

01) Das einzige Kleid, das mir gefällt, ist zu klein.

The only dress (which / that) I really like is too small.

02) Ich brauche einen Arzt, dem ich vertrauen kann.

I need a doctor (who / whom / that) I can trust.

03) Ich passe auf die Kinder auf, die so verwöhnt (= spoilt) sind.

I look after the children who / that are terribly spoilt.

04) Eltern, die beide arbeiten, müssen gut organisiert sein.

Parents who / that both work have to be well organised.

05) Das Theaterstück, das wir gestern Abend gesehen haben, war nicht gut.

The play (which / that) we saw yesterday evening was not good.

06) Der Mann, mit dem er sprach, war ein Undercover-Agent.

The man who(m) / that he spoke to was an undercover agent.

07) Die Frau, deren Mann mit mir in der gleichen Firma arbeitet, ist im Krankenhaus.

The woman whose husband works together with me in the same company, is in hospital.

08) Privatschulen, deren Kosten hoch sind, sind in Großbritannien häufiger als in Deutschland.

Private schools whose cost / the cost of which is high are more frequent in Great Britain than in Germany.

09) Das Ereignis, auf das er anspielt, passierte letztes Jahr.

The event to which he is alluding happened last year.

The event which he is alluding to happened last year.

The event that he is alluding to happened last year.

10) Die Abgeordneten, von denen 20 eine Nachwahl bevorstand, waren vehement gegen eine Steuererhöhung.

The Members of Parliament, of whom twenty had to face a by-election, were strongly against the tax raise.

 

 

 

11) Der Mann, dem du gegenüber so unhöflich warst, ist mein Vater.

The man to whom you were so unpolite is my father.

The man whom you were so unpolite to is my father.

The man that you were so unpolite to is my father.

12) Das war eine der schlechtesten Prüfungen, die er je geschrieben hatte.

That was one of the worst exams (that / which) he had ever written.

13) Die Mittel, durch die er die Stelle bekam, waren extrem unfair.

The means by which he got the job were extremely unfair.

14) Der Raum, in dem die Sitzung abgehalten werden sollte, wurde gerade renoviert.

The room in which / in that / where the meeting was to be held was being renovated.

15) Er verbrachte eine gewisse Zeit in London, während der er sein Studium abschloss.

He spent a certain time in London during which he completed his studies.

 

 

M)

Übersetze und benutze eines der

verfügbaren Pronomina oder Adjektive !

(Subjekt-Pronomima / Objekt-Pronomina / Reflexiv-Pronomina / Possessiv-Adjektive und -Pronomina / Relativ-Pronomina / Demonstrativ-Adjektive und -Pronomina / Indefinita)

 

01) Wer hat das gemacht ? Er.

Who did it ? Him.

02) Hast du den Tisch gekauft ? Wenn ja, wo ist er ?

Did you buy the table ? If so, where is it ?

03) Ich hoffe, er wird sich ändern.

I hope he will change.

04) Wenn mein Auto defekt ist, kannst du mir dann deins geben ?

If my car is broken, can you then give me yours ?

05) Es hat keine Eile.

There is no hurry.

 

06) Man sollte in dieser Situation sehr vorsichtig sein.

One / You should be very careful in this situation.

07) Bitte bedien dich !

Please help yourself !

08) Warum hat einer deiner Brüder das gesagt ?

Why did a brother of yours say that ?

09) Hier riecht etwas.

Something smells here.

10) Hast du Geschwister ?

Have you got any brothers or sisters ?

11) Jeder einzelne von uns muss ihm helfen.

Each and everyone of us has to help him.

12) Was für Autos magst du ?

What kind of cars do you like ?

13) Welches dieser Kinder ist deins ?

Which of these children is yours ?

14) Ich besuche meine Mutter alle 3 Monate.

I visit my mother every three months.

15) So etwas habe ich noch nie gesehen.

I have not seen anything like that before.

16) Ein Tornado zerstörte Boston in jenem Jahr.

A tornado has destroyed Boston in that year.

17) Wer will das machen ? Ich nicht ! Ich auch nicht !

Who wants to do it ? Me not ! Me neither !

18) Keine Ihrer Erklärungen ist richtig.

None of your explanations is correct.

19) Sie haben sich seit Jahren nicht mehr gesehen.

They have not seen each other for years.

20) Wo, glaubst du, kommt sie her ?

Where do you think she comes from ?

21) Mache, was du willst !

Take it or leave it !

22) Auf wessen Seite stehst du ?

Whose side are you on ?

23) Wie war das Wetter in London ?

What was the weather like in London ?

How was the weather in London ?

24) Unser Haus ist viel kleiner als das von unserem Nachbarn.

Our house is much smaller than that of our neighbour.

25) Welches von den Mädchen ist deine Tochter ? Dieses hier.

Which of the girls is your daughter ? This here.

26) Du kannst entweder diesen oder jenen Weg gehen.

You can either take this or that way.

27) Wessen Mantel hast du an ? Ist das nicht meiner ?

Whose coat are you wearing ? Isn't it mine ?

28) Wem hast du dein neues Fahrrad geliehen ?

Who have you lent your new bike to ?

29) Sie sprachen wie gute Freunde miteinander, obwohl sie sich gar nicht kannten.

They talked to each other like good friends although they did not know each other.

30) Ich brauche das Buch als Geschenk für ihn, nicht für mich selbst.

I need the book as a present for him, not for myself.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

06) The Verb - Das Verb

 

 

B) Finite Forms (Conjugated Forms)

Finite Formen (Konjugierte Formen)

 

B001) Setze in dasSimple Present :

 

01) I read.

02) He sees the house.

03) He can come to me.

04) The children write a letter.

05) The workers go to the station.

06) It rains.

07) She watches TV.

08) He teaches English.

09) The postman brings the letter.

10) The car parks at the station.

11) The child cries .

12) Peter does his homework.

13) The telephone rings.

 

 

B002) Forme die Sätze aus Übung B001) in Fragen um !

 

01) I read.

Do I read ?

02) He sees the house.

Does he see the house ?

03) He can come to me.

Can he come to me ?

04) The children write a letter.

Do the children write a letter ?

05) The workers go to the station.

Do the worker go to the station ?

06) It rains.

Does it rain ?

07) She watches TV.

Does she watch TV ?

08) He teaches English.

Does she teach English ?

09) The postman brings the letter.

Does the postman bring the letter ?

10) The car parks at the station.

Does the car park at the station ?

11) The child cries .

Does the child cry ?

12) Peter does his homework.

Does Peter do his homework ?

13) The telephone rings.

Does the telephone ring ?

 

 

B003)

Bilde die entsprechenden Formen

des Simple Present Progressive !

 

01) you are leaving

02) you are riding

03) they are referring

04) I am sitting

05) he is hiding

06) she is reading

07) they are cooking

08) I am typing

09) we are meeting

10) it is having

11) we are bringing

12) one is getting

13) he is repairing

14) you are coming

15) they are cleaning

 

 

 

 

 

 

B004)

Setze das Simple Present oder das

Simple Present Progressiveein !

 

01) Sometimes she watches science fiction films, but she normally prefers love stories.

02) Look ! Our father is working . He usually starts work at about 8 o'clock.

03) We are going to a football match next Saturday.

04) Can he answer the phone, please, I am having a bath right now.

05) I never eat spinach, but we are having some this evening.

06) When I see him, we always go to the pub.

07) We usually meet when we go to work.

08) Listen ! Mrs Smith is playing the piano. You can hear her very clearly.

09) When he sleeps, he sometimes talks.

10) Sorry, my dear, I cannot speak to you right now, because I am very busy.

11) Paul and Peter go to London three times a year, but next summer they are staying at home.

12) Occasionally he goes to the cinema, but he goes to the theatre at least once a week.

13) John is not here, he is working late this evening.

14) At the moment I do not like fish.

15) He always sings, when he is having a bath.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

B005)

Übersetze und benutze das Simple Present oder das

Simple Present Progressive !

 

01) Kommenden Samstag haben wir ein Fußball-Spiel.

Next Sunday we are having a football game.

02) Im Augenblick übe ich für unsere Klassenarbeit.

At the moment I am practising for our class test.

03) Hör mal ! Unsere Nachbarin spielt schon wieder Klavier, obwohl sie weiß, dass du krank bist.

Listen ! Our neighbour is playing the piano again although she knows that you are ill.

04) Manchmal verlässt unsere Nachbarin den ganzen Tag ihre Wohnung nicht, aber heute verbringt sie den ganzen Nachmittag im Garten.

Sometimes our neighbour does not leave her flat the whole day but today she is spending the whole afternoon in the garden.

05) Er besucht gelegentlich seinen Bruder in London, aber ansonsten verreist er nicht sehr oft.

He occasionally visits his brother in London but apart from that he does not travel very often.

06) Sie trinkt ihren Tee täglich um 17h.

She has her tea daily at 5 o'clock in the afternoon.

07) John lernt gerade Französisch-Vokabeln, obwohl er normalerweise um diese Zeit draußen spielt, aber er schreibt morgen eine Klassenarbeit.

John is just learning his French words although he usually plays outside at this time, but tomorrow he is writing a class test.

08) Siehst du ! Auf dem Foto hier liegen deine Kinder am Strand.

Look ! Here in this photo your children are lying on the beach.

09) Frau Meyer liebt italienisches Essen, aber momentan isst sie nur Obst und Gemüse, da sie abnehmen möchte.

Mrs Meyer loves Italian food but at the moment she is eating only fruit and vegetables because she wants to lose weight.

 

B006)

Setze die richtigen Formen des Simple Past

in die Tabelle ein und übersetze die Verben !

 

Verb im Infinitiv

Simple Past

 

to be (sein)

to become (werden)

to begin (anfangen)

to break (brechen)

to bring (bringen)

to buy (kaufen)

to come (kommen)

to cry (schreien)

to do (machen / tun)

to drive (fahren)

to eat (essen)

to find (finden)

to fly (fliegen)

to get (bekommen / werden)

to give (geben)

to have (haben)

to know (wissen)

to make (machen / tun)

to meet (treffen)

to put (setzen / stellen / legen)

to read (lesen)

to refer (berichten)

to see (sehen)

to sell (verkaufen)

to sleep (schlafen)

to speak (sprechen)

to stand (stehen)

to take (nehmen)

to tell (erzählen)

to think (denken)

to travel (verreisen)

to write (schreiben)

was / were

became

began

broke

brought

bought

came

cried

did

drove

ate

found

flew

got

gave

had

knew

made

met

put

read

referred

saw

sold

slept

spoke

stood

took

told

thought

travelled (BE) / traveled (AE)

wrote

B007) Setze die richtigen Formen des Simple Pastein !

 

01) Last year we did not go on holiday.

02) The Millers went to Italy last year.

03) She slowly got up, went to the door and opened it.

04) Who invented the tyre ?

05) When did you buy your new T-shirt ?

06) Did you see your sister yesterday ?

07) How did you like the match last week ?

08) I opened the door and my dog began to bark.

09) He wrote the first book when he was 27.

10) Yesterday the alarm clock rang an hour too early.

11) In 1987 I passed the exam and started to work as a lawyer.

12) Malcolm X was a famous Civil Rights leader.

13) In 1995 my sister had a terrible accident. She was not allowed to leave hospital till summer.

14) Some years ago we sold our house in London and moved to a better area.

15) When he was 6 years old, he was already able to play / could already play the piano.

 

 

B008)

Benutze das Simple Pastoder das Simple Past Progressive !

 

01) While I was texting, the school bus arrived.

02) Cindy broke her leg while she was snowboarding.

03) He was listening to the radio while he was preparing breakfast.

04) He was driving quickly when a policeman stopped him.

05) The girl noticed that the boy was watching her.

06) My dad fell off the ladder while he was painting the carport.

07) While we were waiting, we were doing crossword puzzles.

08) Nick became sick while he was travelling in Texas.

09) What were you doing when you heard the news ?

10) She said that she was not feeling happy, so I talked to her.

 

 

 

B009)

Übersetze und benutze das Simple Past

oder das Simple Past Progressive !

 

01) Während du telefonierst hast, kam mein Vater in den Raum.

While you were phoning, my father entered the room.

02) Was haben Sie gestern um 9.00h morgens gemacht ?

What were you doing yesterday at 9 o'clock in the morning ?

03) Ich machte mein Auto sauber, als es anfing zu regnen.

I was cleaning my car when it began to rain.

04) Während ich das Essen vorbereitete, machte mein Sohn seine Hausaufgaben.

While I was preparing the dinner, my son was doing his homework.

05) Der Unfall passierte um 10.00h, als die Geschäfte geöffnet wurden.

The accident happened when the stores were being opened.

06) Gestern stand ich auf, duschte mich, frühstückte und ging zur Schule.

Yesterday I got up, took a shower, had breakfast und went to school.

07) Es war früh am Morgen, als der Polizist kam.

It is early in the morning when the policeman came.

08) Er verstand nicht, worüber sie sprachen.

He did not understand what they were talking about.

09) Als er für diese Firma arbeitete, verdiente er viel Geld.

When he was working for this company, he earned a lot of money.

10) Was hast du gemacht, als sich der Banküberfall ereignete ?

What were you doing when the bank robbery happened ?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

B010)

Setze die richtigen Formen des

Past Participlein die Tabelle ein !

 

Verb im Infinitiv

Past Participle

 

to be

to become

to begin

to break

to bring

to buy

to come

to cry

to do

to drive

to eat

to find

to fly

to get

to give

to have

to know

to make

to meet

to put

to read

to refer

to see

to sell

to sleep

to speak

to stand

to take

to tell

to think

to travel

to write

been

become

begun

broken

brought

bought

come

cried

done

driven

eaten

found

flown

got

given

had

known

made

met

put

read

referred

seen

sold

slept

spoken

stood

taken

told

thought

travelled

written

B011)

Übersetze und benutze das Present Perfect Simple !

 

01) Wie lange kennst du ihn ?

How long have you known him ?

02) Er hat gerade das Fenster geschlossen.

He has just closed the window.

03) Wir haben schon 6 Übungen gelöst.

We have already solved six exercises.

04) Er hat den ganzen Abend noch mit niemanden gesprochen.

He has not spoken to anybody all evening.

05) Ich habe noch nie Shakespeare gelesen.

I have never read Shakespeare.

06) Er hatte diese Krankheit seit 2 Jahren.

He has had the illness for 2 years.

07) Seit 1 Woche hat sie nichts für die Schule getan.

For 1 week she has not done anything for school.

08) Unsere Nachbarin ist bis jetzt immer sehr freundlich gewesen.

Our neighbour has always been very friendly so far.

09) Ich war schon lange nicht mehr in Urlaub.

I have not been on holidays for 2 years.

10) Seit er in der Firma arbeitet, verdient er viel mehr.

Since he joined this company, he has earned a lot of money.

 

 

B012)

Setze die richtige Form des Present Perfect Simple

oder des Present Perfect Progressive ein !

 

01) I have been learning English now for seven years.

02) We have been living live in this area since 1995.

03) He has already solved two crossword puzzles this morning.

04) It has been raining all day.

05) I hope you have not been waiting for him a long time.

06) He looks pale. He has not eaten anything today.

07) My father has been working in this company for 3 years now.

08) He has known his neighbour for a long time.

09) Have you ever seen any fish in this river ?

10) Since when have you been sitting here ?

11) They have not finished their homework yet.

12) My oncle has already found a new job.

13) He has been driving his car for seven months now. He has already driven 50 000 miles.

14) You have told me this story twice now but I have never believed it.

15) What a mess ! What have you been doing ?

 

 

B013)

Übersetze und benutze die richtige Form des

Present Perfect Simpleoder Present Perfect Progressive !

 

01) Er hat schon den ganzen Morgen Kunden und hat bereits 3 Autos verkauft.

He has already been having customers all morning and has already sold 3 cars.

02) Wir spielen seit 2 Stunden Schach.

We have been playing chess for 2 hours.

03) Ich lebe jetzt seit 2 Jahren in London und habe Deutschland noch nicht vermisst.

I have been living in Lonfon for 2 years now and have not missed Germany yet.

04) Was hast du den ganzen Nachmittag gemacht ? Hast du auf mich gewartet ?

What have you been doing all afternoon ? Have you been waiting for me ?

05) Mein Bruder spart schon seit Monaten für ein Auto. Er hat bereits 2000€ gespart.

My brother has been saving for a car for months. He has already saved 2000€.

06) Er arbeitet schon seit 5 Jahren in dieser Firma und es hat noch nie Probleme gegeben.

He has been working in this company for 5 years and there have never been any problems.

 

 

07) Er spielt seit 2014 Tischtennis und hat schon einige Preise gewonnen.

He has been playing table tennis since 2014 and has already won some prizes.

08) Hast du schon gefrühstückt oder hast du bis jetzt geschlafen ?

Have you already had breakfast or have you been sleeping till now ?

09) „War der Briefträger schon da ?“ - „Ja, ich habe die Post schon auf deinen Schreibtisch gelegt.“

Has the postman already been here ?- Yes, I have already put the post on your desk.

10) Er wohnt schon seit 6 Monaten hier.

He has been living here for 6 months.

 

 

B014)

Setze die richtige Form des Simple Past, Present Perfect Simpleoder Present Perfect Progressive ein !

 

01) Mary has not seen her mother since she arrived last week.

02) He looked at the new plans yesterday but has not decided yet whether he will accept them or not.

03) I have never liked horror films so I did not watch the one on TV last night.

04) When the immigrants arrived in Great Britain, they often could not speak / were not able to speak English.

05) The same was true of the immigrants of the 1970s but they have continuously been trying to learn English when they landed in Great Britain.

06) Last year he got married and he has already taught his wife some Italian.

07) When they came to the party last night, all the other guests were already there.

08) His parents have visited him three times although they have never wanted to travel across the Atlantic.

09) We were very happy when grandmother came to visit us but she has been staying six weeks with us now and has been making trouble since the day she arrived.

 

B015)

Übersetze und benutze die richtige Form des Simple Past, Simple Past Progressive, Present Perfect Simple

oder „Present Perfect Progressive“ !

 

01) Wir wohnen nun schon 3 Wochen in unserem neuen Haus und haben unsere Nachbarn immer noch nicht kennengelernt.

We have been living in our new house for 3 weeks and have not got to know our neighbours yet.

02) Seit mein Bruder nach London gezogen ist, haben wir nicht mehr von ihm gehört.

Since my brother moved to London, we have not heard from him.

03) Als ich ihn vor einigen Wochen besucht habe, versuchte er gerade, seinen Computer zu reparieren.

When I visited him some weeks ago, he was just trying to repair his computer.

04) Mein Bruder ist noch nicht lange im Restaurant, aber er hat schon 2 Steaks gegessen.

My brother has not been in the restaurant for a long time but he has already eaten two steaks.

05) Als Columbus Amerika entdeckte, lebten 1 Million Indianer in den heutigen U.S.A. .

When Columbus discovered America, 1 million Indians lived in today's U.S.A. .

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

B016)

Setze die richtige Form des Past Perfect Simple

oder des Past Perfect Progressive ein !

 

01) The boy scout had been walking for an hour when it began to rain.

02) When he came home, his mother had already laid the table.

03) When I met you first in 1992, how long had you been working in our firm then ?

04) Then we came to the house Mary had lived in when she was a little girl.

05) How long had you been learning English when you got the job as an interpreter ?

06) After the children had been in England, they were more interested in the English language.

07) Before we decided to spend our holidays in Great Britain, we had studied all the brochures from the travel agency.

08) Mrs Meyer had had the letter for some days before she showed it to me.

09) Before Alan started to work with his company, he had already applied for many other jobs.

10) After the students had heard so much about England, they wanted to visit England themselves.

 

B017)

Setze die richtige Form des Past Perfect Simple

oder des Simple Past ein !

 

01) After he had spent his holiday in Italy, he wanted to learn Italian.

02) Jill had phoned Dad at work before she left for her trip.

03) Susan turned on the radio after she had washed the dishes.

04) When she arrived, the match had already started .

05) After the man had come home, he fed the cat.

06) Before he began a song, he had played the guitar.

07) She watched a video after the children had gone to bed.

08) After Eric had made breakfast, he phoned his friend.

09) I was very tired because I had studied too much.

10) They had ridden their bikes before they met their friends.

B018)

Setze die richtige Form des Past Perfect Simple,Past Perfect Progressive,Simple Past,Simple Past Progressive

oder des Present Perfect Simple ein !

 

01) When my son came home from school, I had been waiting for him for almost two hours.

02) She asked him : „Why didn't you / did not you come earlier ? Dinner has been ready for over an hour.“

03) He replied : „I wanted to be punctual but we had to stay in school longer.“

04) „What did you do that you had to stay so long ?

05) When the teacher came, we were jumping over the tables in the classroom.

06) I have not heard such a stupid things for years.

07) When the policeman arrived at the hotel, he found out that a crime had been committed.

08) He had not been standing there long when suddenly one of the guests wanted to speak to him.

09) He said that he had been watching TV when suddenly he had heard a shot.

10) He had run to the window at once and had seen a woman leaving the room in a hurry.

11) She had been wearing a grey fur coat.

12) When the guest mentioned the grey fur coat, the inspector immediately knew who the woman was.

13) He wrote down the address and told one of the officers to get there.

14) The officer did as he was told.

15) All smiled and were happy that the case had already been solved.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

B019)

Setze die richtige Form des Futurs ein :

Future Simple, Future Simple Progressive“,

going to-future,Simple Present oder Present Progressive !

 

01) There are a lot of clouds. It is going to rain soon.

02) The train to London leaves at 10 o'clock a.m. .

03) Next Saturday the band „The Heroes“ will be / are on stage.

04) What will happen if the party wins the elections ?

05) This time next week we will be lying on the beach.

06) Our best player is ill. Our team is going to lose the match next Friday.

07) If I meet him, I will tell him.

08) We have just decided that we will go to England for Christmas.

09) He has never worked in his life, so he is not going to / will not get any pension now.

10) She is having a party. She has already invited all her friends.

11) We do not have to discuss this problem because I will be seeing you tomorrow afternoon.

12) She is going to be late today. There has been such heavy traffic on the M26.

13) I have to hurry because my plane leaves in two hours.

14) Will you visit us tomorrow ?

15) In 10 years from now we will probably be rich.

16) My brother will never marry his girlfriend if she does not stop talking so much.

17) Look at this tree ! It will / is going to fall on the house during the next thunderstorm.

18) I will never travel / am never going to travel by plane.

19) We will be writing a test tomorrow. It has been announced for over one week.

20) The new job will be hard for him but I am sure he will get used to it soon.

 

 

 

 

 

HINWEIS :

 

Übungen zu den verschiedenen Zeiten des „Conditional“ findest du in den Kapiteln 07) Conditional Clauses - Die Konditional-Sätze (Die Bedingungssätze) und 11) Reported / Indirect Speech - Die indirekte Rede.

Übungen zum „Subjunctive – Konjunktiv“ wurden weg gelassen, weil der „Subjunctive“ fast gar keine linguistische Bedeutung mehr im Englischen hat. Diese Formen müssen nur erkannt und nicht angewandt werden.

 

 

C) Infinite Forms (Non-Conjugated Forms)

Infinite Formen (nicht konjugierte Formen)

 

C01)

Benutze entweder das Gerund oder den Infinitive !

(Manchmal sind auch beide Konstruktionen möglich.)

 

01) I like to play / playing football.

02) Are you afraid of telling her the truth ?

03) Robert promised to do his homework.

04) Did you enjoy participating in the party ?

05) I am only interested in being good at Engish.

06) She stopped eating fast food.

07) Everybody stopped talking / to talk when the boss came in.

08) Would you mind helping me ?

09) We hope to see you again next month.

10) I acknowledge having problems with my children.

11) I want to prevent you from committing an error.

12) I continue reading / to read the book.

13) I adore playing football.

14) I consider buying a new car.

15) Please set on doing your homework !

16) Your house needs repairing.

17) I prefer reading / to read a book.

18) I have no intention of offering / to offer you the money.

19) What is the use of giving / to give him all what he wants.

20) I have no chance of getting / to get a job.

21) Would you like to have dinner with me one day next week ?

22) I would rather go by train than go walk.

23) The teacher has no pen to write with.

24) He entered the room without seeing me.

25) She could not help laughing.

26) My father is busy cutting the grass.

27) The teacher allowed the students to go half an hour earlier.

28) Lock the door before leaving the house.

29) I regret to say that he has made a mistake.

30) I do not want him to come so often.

 

 

C02)

Übersetze und benutze entweder

das Gerund oder den Infinitive !

(Manchmal sind auch beide Konstruktionen möglich.)

 

01) Du musst dich darauf konzentrieren, sorgfältig zuzuhören.

You have to concentrate on listening carefully.

02) Es hatte keinen Sinn zu versuchen, ihn zu überreden.

It was useless trying to convince him.

03) Wir verbrachten den ganzen Tag mit Fussball-Spielen.

We spent the whole day in the garden playing football.

04) Ich habe auf dem Bett gelegen und habe ein Buch gelesen.

I was lying on the bed reading a book.

05) Ich kann es nicht ertragen, ständig lernen zu müssen.

I cannot bear always having to learn.

06) Ich verbiete meinem Sohn, fernzusehen.

I forbid my son watching / to watch TV.

07) Er begann zu lesen.

He was beginning to read. / He began reading.

08) Ich möchte gern Sprachen lernen.

I would to like to learn languages.

09) Das bedeutet, die falschen Maßnahmen ergriffen zu haben.

That means having taken the wrong measures.

10) Ich habe vergessen, ihm den Brief zuzuschicken.

I forgot to sending him the letter.

11) Es ist sehenswerter Film.

It is a film worth seeing.

07) The Conditional Clauses

Die Konditional-Sätze (Die Bedingungssätze)

 

 

A) Setze die Verb-Formen entsprechend Typ I ein :

 

a) If I get a dog, I will go for a walk every day.

b) If I find my book, I will be able to learn my words.

c) The cat will jump out if he leaves the window open.

d) She will be pleased if you write her a letter.

e) If it rains, we will stay at home.

 

 

B)

Übersetze und benutze die Verb-Formen entsprechend Typ I :

 

a) Wenn ich Zeit habe, helfe ich dir.

If I have time, I will help you.

b) Wenn du einverstanden bist, rufe mich an !

If you agree, please phone me !

c) Ihr kommt zu spät, wenn ihr euch nicht beeilt.

You will be too late if you do not hurry (up).

d) Wenn du nicht lernen willst, schaffst du die Prüfung nicht.

If you do not want to learn, you will not pass the exam.

e) Wenn ich den Stadt-Plan finde, zeige ich dir die Straße.

If I find the city map, I will be able to show you the street.

 

 

C) Setze die Verb-Formen entsprechend Typ II ein :

 

a) If I had more time, I would travel more.

b) If I saw you, I would be able to come to you.

c) If I were you, I would not do that.

d) She would be pleased if you wrote her a letter.

e) If it snowed, that would delight me.

 

 

 

 

D)

Übersetze und benutze die Verb-Formen entsprechend Typ II :

 

a) Wenn dies passieren würde, wäre das schlecht für uns.

If this happened, that would be bad for us.

b) Wenn du einverstanden wärest, könntest du den Vertrag abschließen.

If you agreed, you could / were able to conclude the contract.

c) Wenn du dich mehr für die Schule interessieren würdest, wären deine Noten auch besser.

If you were more interested in school, your marks would be better.

d) Wenn du mehr Geld verdienen würdest, könntest du dir mehr leisten.

If you earned more money, you could / were able to afford more.

e) Wenn ich dir helfen könnte, würde ich es bestimmt machen.

If I could / were able to help you, I would definitely do it.

 

 

E) Setze die Verb-Formen entsprechend Typ III ein :

 

a) If I had had more time, I would have visited you more frequently during your disease.

b) If I had seen the accident, I could have given / had been able to give the police more information.

c) If you had asked the doctor, it would have been better.

d) She had helped you if you would have been more polite to her.

e) If it had snowed on Christmas, the children would have been happy.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

F)

Übersetze und benutze die Verb-Formen entsprechend Typ III :

 

a) Wenn du dies gesagt hättest, wäre ich ziemlich enttäuscht gewesen.

If you had said this, I would have been rather disappointed.

b) Wenn du das Fenster kaputt gemacht hättest, hättest du es bezahlen müssen.

If you had broken the window, you would have had to pay (for) it.

c) Wenn die Bücher billiger gewesen wären, hätte ich sie alle gekauft.

If the books had been cheaper, I would have bought them all.

d) Wenn du mehr gearbeitet hättest, hättest du dir einen neuen Fernseher leisten können.

If you had worked more, you could have afforded / would have been able to afford a new TV.

e) Wenn du mir die Zeugen des Unfalls genauer beschrieben hättest, hätte die Polizei sie bestimmt gefunden.

If you had described the witnesses more exactly to me, the police would have definitely found them.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

G)

Übersetze und setze den Beispiel-Satz im Typ I

auch in die Typen II + III im Englischen !

 

Beispiel : Wenn ich Zeit habe, komme ich.

If I have time, I will come. (Typ I)

If I had time, I would come. (Typ II)

If I had had time, I would have come. (Typ III)

 

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

a) Wenn wir nach Spanien fahren, besuche ich meine Großeltern in Madrid.

If we go to Spain, I will visit my grandparents in Madrid.

If we went to Spain, I would visit my grandparents in Madrid.

If we go to Spain, I would have visited my grandparents in Madrid.

b) Wenn du mehr lernst, schreibst du gute Noten.

If you learn more, you will have good marks.

If you learned / learnt more, you would have good marks.

If you had learned / learnt more, you would have had good marks.

c) Wenn du auf deinen kleinen Bruder aufpasst, darfst du morgen auf die Party gehen.

If you look after your little brother, you will be allowed to go to the party tomorrow.

If you looked after your little brother, you would be allowed to go to the party tomorrow.

If you had looked after your little brother, you would have been allowed to go to the party tomorrow.

d) Wenn der Englisch-Lehrer bereit zu einer Diskussion ist, nehme ich das Angebot an.

If the English teacher is willing to have a discussion, I will accept the offer.

If the English teacher was willing to have a discussion, I would accept the offer.

If the English teacher had been willing to have a discussion, I would have accepted the offer.

e) Wenn du den neuen Film sehen willst, musst du ins Kino gehen.

If you want to see the new film, you will have to go to the cinema.

If you wanted to see the new film, you would have to go to the cinema.

If you had wanted to see the new film, you would have gone to the cinema.

f) Wenn sich die sozialen Umstände in Deutschland nicht bald ändern, wird es soziale und politische Unruhen geben.

If the social circumstances do not change soon in Germany, there will be social and political riots.

If the social circumstances did not change soon in Germany, there would be social and political riots.

If the social circumstances had not changed soon in Germany, there would have been social and political riots.

g) Wenn die Uhr defekt ist, tausche ich sie um.

If the clock is out of order, I will exchange it.

If the clock were out of order, I would exchange it.

If the clock had been out of order, I would have exchanged it.

h) Wenn dein Baby schreit, musst du aufstehen.

If your baby cries, you will have to get up.

If your baby cried, you would have to get up.

If your baby had cried, you would have had to get up.

i) Wenn unser Verein mehr Geld hat, können wir neue Spieler kaufen.

If our club possesses / has more money, we will be able to buy new players.

If our club possessed / had more money, we would be able to buy new players.

If our club had possessed / had had more money, we would have been able to buy new players.

j) Wenn du weiterhin trinkst, stirbst du.

If you continue drinking / to drink, you will die.

If you continued drinking / to drink, you would die.

If you had continued drinking / to drink, you would have died.

 

08) The Auxiliary Verbs - Die Hilfsverben

 

A)

Bilde Fragen, sodass die unterstrichenen

Wörter die Antwort darstellen !

 

01) When do you usually go to bed ?

I usually go to bed at 10 o'clock.

02) How long have you not / haven't you spoken to him ?

I have not spoken to him for 1 week.

03) When did the famous actor die ?

The famous actor died 2 weeks ago.

04) What did he get ?

He got a brand new bicycle.

05) When did they build the department store ?

They built the department store in 1985.

06) When does she usually prepare dinner ?

She usually prepares dinner at 6 o'clock.

07) When did he stop smoking ?

He stopped smoking years ago.

08) What does she speak ?

The secreatry speaks 3 languages.

09) Who moved last week ?

My sister moved last week.

10) When will he arrive ?

He will arrive on Sunday.

 

B)

Füge das richtigeQuestion Tag – Frage-Anhängselhinzu !

 

01) He answered te phone, didn't he ?

02) You did not work very hard, did you ?

03) Dominic is my best friend, isn't he ?

04) My mother is not very old, is she ?

05) You will come next week, won't you ?

06) She has not always been good at school, has she ?

07) You like tea, don't you ?

08) I come from Lübeck, don't I ?

09) She did not learn, did she ?

C) Übersetze und benutze das richtige Hilfsverb !

 

01) Du brauchst mir nicht zu helfen, wenn du keine Zeit hast.

You need not help me if you have not got time.

02) Du solltest jeden Tag 20 Vokabeln lernen.

You should learn 20 words a year.

03) Könntest du bitte deinen Bruder fragen, ob ich morgen kommen kann.

Could you please ask your brother if I can come tomorrow.

04) Wir mussten länger bleiben, weil wir das Klassenzimmer noch aufräumen mussten.

We had to stay longer because we had to tidy up the classroom.

05) Wohin soll ich die Bücher legen ?

Where shall I put the books ?

06) Könntest du mir einen Gefallen tun ?

Could you do me a favour ?

07) Du solltest wirklich nicht so viel trinken.

You really should not drink so much.

08) Seit wann kann er so gut Englisch sprechen ?

Since when has he been able to speak English so well ?

09) Ich kann morgen leider nicht kommen, weil ich meine Mutter zum Arzt fahren muss.

Unfortunately, I will not be able to / cannot come tomorrow because I will have / have to take my mother to the doctor.

10) Der Motor sprang einfach nicht an.

The engine simply would not start.

11) Ich würde dir gerne helfen, wenn ich könnte.

I would like to help you if I could.

12) Könnten wir nicht ins Kino gehen ?

Could we not go / Couldn't we go to the cinema ?

13) Es könnte sein, dass ich am Wochenende meine Mutter besuche.

I might visit my mother at the weekend ?

14) Möchten Sie ein Einzel- oder Doppelzimmer ?

Would you like a single or a double room ?

15) Du darfst das Päckchen nicht vor dem Geburtstag öffnen.

You are not allowed to open the parcel before birthday.

D) Setze die Hilfsverben in die richtige Zeit !

 

01) My sister could / was able to play the piano when she was 4.

02) I hope that he will be able to translate the English instruction manuals.

03) I will have to get up very early tomorrow.

04) She was not allowed to go out when she was 16.

05) She has never been to England.

06) I did not have to go to the office yesterday.

07) When I was 16, I could not / was not able to afford expensive hobbies.

08) He has never been able to write properly.

09) I have not got / do not have a car.

10) We had to move because my father got a new job.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

09) The Verb and its Complements -

Das Verb und seine Ergänzungen

 

 

HINWEIS :

 

Dieses Thema fällt inhaltlich sehr stark mit den Präpositionen zusammen. Aus diesem Grund findest du die Übungen dort im Kapitel 13.

 

 

10) The Passive Voice - Das Passiv

 

 

A) Setze ins Passiv ! (Manchmal gibt es 2 Möglichkeiten.)

 

01) He bought a motorbike last week.

The motorbike was bought by him last week.

02) The boyscouts helped the old lady.

The old lady was helped by the boyscouts.

03) My mother will type the letters tomorrow.

The letters will be typed by my mother tomorrow.

04) The boy are repairing the bike.

The bike is being repaired by the boy.

05) The best student will win a prize.

A prize will be won by the best student.

06) In Austria the people speak German.

German is spoken in Austria.

07) The thieves had stolen a lot of money before the police caught them.

A lot of money had been stolen by the thieves before they were caught by the police.

08) The grocer will send us the drinks tonight.

The drinks will be sent to us by the grocer tonight.

We will be sent the drinks by the grocer tonight.

09) They do not sell books any longer.

Books are not sold any longer (by them).

 

 

10) The nurse has told the children a good story.

A good story has been told to the children by the nurse.

The children have been told a good story by the nurse.

11) The firm fired the lazy workers.

The lazy workers were fired by the firm.

12) Some days ago our dog bit the postman.

The postman was bitten by our dog some days ago.

13) Who invented the tyre ?

The tyre was invented by who(m) ?

14) They mended the engine.

The engine was mended.

15) The porters have already carried the suitcases to the car.

The suitcases have already been carried by the porters to the car.

16) The church gave free soup to the poor.

Free soup was given to the poor by the church.

The poor were given free soup by the church.

17) My sister has given me a book as a present.

A book as a present has been given to me by my sister.

I have been give a book as a present by my sister.

18) The students were making good efforts.

Good efforts were being made by the students.

19) They did not publish the newspaper any longer.

The newspaper was not published any longer (by them).

20) The Royal family uses Buckingham Palace as a city residence.

Buckingham Palace is used as a city residence by the Royal family.

21) We must mend the roof.

The roof must be mended.

22) They should clean the windows at least twice a month.

The windows should be cleaned at least twice a month.

23) Nobody can answer the question.

The question cannot be answered.

24) They ought to do their homework properly.

Their homework ought to be done properly (by them).

25) Children should consult the dentist regularly.

The dentist should be consulted regularly by children.

 

 

26) The members of the committee could not solve the problems.

The problems coud not be solved by the members of the committee.

27) The children must not enter the room.

The room must not be entered by the children.

28) The students may open the presents after dinner.

The presents may be opened by the students after dinner.

29) The secretary should write the letters.

The letters should be written by the secretary.

30) We will choose the best.

The best will be chosen by us.

 

 

B) Setze die Sätze vom Passiv ins Aktiv !

 

01) The burglary was discovered by the police.

The police discovered the burglary.

02) English is spoken in many countries.

People in many countries speak English.

03) He will be elected.

They will elect him.

04) The Tower of London is used as a museum nowadays.

They use the Tower of London as a museum nowadays.

05) This house will be pulled down next year.

They will pull down the house next year.

06) The old trunk had not been opened before.

No one had opened this old trunk before.

07) The washing-up had already been done by my mother.

My mother had already done the washing-up.

08) The meat was being prepared by the cook.

The cook was preparing the meat.

09) Bad weather has been announced by the weather forecast.

The weather forecast has announced bad weather.

10) The aerial has been put on the roof by the electricians.

The electricians have put the aerial on the roof.

 

 

 

 

C) Übersetze und benutze das Passiv !

 

01) Nächstes Jahr wird das neue Einkaufszentrum eröffnet.

The new shopping centre will be opened next year.

02) Der Preis wurde uns letzte Woche überreicht.

The prize was given to us last week.

We were given the prize last week.

03) Vor 2 Jahren wurde die Diskothek geschlossen, aber sie wird bald wieder von dem neuen Eigentümer eröffnet werden.

Two years ago the disco was closed but it will be reopened soon by the new owner.

04) Das einsame Dorf war niemals zuvor von einem Fremden betreten worden.

This lonely village had never been entered by a stranger.

05) Bevor er nach London kam, war ihm von seiner Firma ein Haus angemietet worden.

Before he came to London, a house has been rented for him by his firm.

06) Sie ist wirklich zu bedauern.

She really is to be pitied.

07) Es sind noch viele Reparaturen zu erledigen.

Many repairs are to be done.

08) Die Briefe müssen heute noch zur Post gebracht werden.

The letters must be posted today.

09) Es bleibt nur noch wenig zu sagen.

Little remains to be said.

10) Diese Dose darf nicht neben offenes Feuer gestellt werden.

This tin must not be put near an open fire.

11) Dieses Buch lässt noch viele Fragen unbeantwortet.

This book leaves many questions to be answered.

12) Das sollte bis morgen erledigt sein.

This should be done by tomorrow.

13) Die Schlüssel konnten nirgendwo gefunden werden.

The keys could not be found anywhere.

14) Diese Frage hätte früher gestellt werden müssen.

This question should have been asked earlier.

 

 

 

15) Wenn das Auto früher verkauft worden wäre, hättest du mehr Geld verdient.

If the car had been sold earlier, you would have earned more money.

16) Solche Sachen sollten abgeschafft werden.

Such things should be abolished.

17) Es wird berichtet, dass er ernsthaft verletzt ist.

It is reported that he is seriously injured.

18) Der Fehler konnte nicht gefunden werden.

The mistake could not be found.

19) Solche Hüte werden meist von Eingeborenen getragen.

Such hats are mostly worn by natives.

20) Der Keller sollte aufgeräumt werden.

The cellar should be tidied up.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11) The Reported / Indirect Speech - Die indirekte Rede

 

 

A) Setze in die indirekte Rede !

 

01) He says : „I have got a good report.“

He says that he has got a good report.

02) He says : „On Saturday we will all have to come in.

He says that we will all have to come in on Saturday.

03) He says : „It is going to rain.

He says that it is going to rain.

04) He asks : „Who broke that window ?

He asks who broke that window.

05) He asks : „When will he arrive ?

He asks when he will arrive.

06) He asks : „Where do you do your weekly shopping ?

He asks where I do my weekly shopping.

07) He tells me : „Do not go out so often !

He tells me not to go out so often.

08) He tells me : „Be careful !

He tells me to be careful.

09) He tells me : „Do not sleep so long !

He tells me not to sleep so long.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

B)

Setze in die indirekte Rede und achte auf

die Veränderungen von Zeit- und Ortsangaben !

 

01) He said :

„Many houses were destroyed by the thunderstorm.“

He said that many houses were destroyed by the thunderstorm.

02) He said :

„I will join the school orchestra as soon as possible.“

He said that he would join the school orchestra as soon as possible.

03) He said :

„They have been living in this town for many years.“

He said that they had been living in this town for many years.

04) He asked :

„When are you going to work harder at school ?

He asked when they were going to work harder at school.

05) He asked :

„Will you be able to read this paper till the end of this month ?

He asked whether they would be able to read that paper till the end of that month.

06) He asked :

„Who can tell me where we stopped last lesson ?

He asked who could tell him where they had stopped the lesson before.

07) He told me :

„Do not use the hairdrier too often !

He told me not to use the hairdrier too often.

08) He told me :

„Find out what happened last night !

He told me to find out what had happened the night before.

09) He told me :

„See me again next Tuesday !

He told me to see him again the following Tuesday.

 

 

12) The Conjunction

Die Konjunktion (Das Bindewort)

 

 

A) Setze if oder when ein !

 

01) The dog always runs to the door when the bell rings.

02) I will go on holiday next summer if I have time.

03) When their parents are out, the children get up to all sorts of nonsenses.

04) The driver stopped immediately when he saw the child.

05) If I pass my exam, my father will buy me a car.

 

 

B) Setze because“, „since“, „foroder as ein !

 

01) He could not come to the party because he was ill.

02) Since / As his mother was in hospital, he had to look after himself.

03) Since / As nobody had told him, he did not know.

04) I am very hungry, because / for I have not had my dinner yet.

05) On Sunday we stayed in all day because the weather was terrible.

 

 

C) Übersetze und benutze die richtige Konjunktion !

 

01) Sowohl mein Bruder als auch meine Schwester spielen gut Fußball.

Both my brother and my sister play football well.

02) Ich kenne weder unseren Nachbarn noch seine Frau.

I know neither our neigbour nor his wife.

03) Dieses Buch ist sehr teuer; es ist trotz allem sehr gut.

This book is very expensive, it is nevertheless good.

04) Du brauchtest meine Hilfe. Daher hast du meinen Vorschlag angenommen.

You needed my help. Therefore you accepted my proposal.

 

05) Während mein Vater die Zeitung las, räumte meine Mutter mein Zimmer auf.

While my father was reading the newspaper, my mother was tidying up my room.

06) Da du ja kein Geld hast, lade ich zum Abendessen ein.

As you have no money, I take you out for dinner.

07) Er verzichtet auf viele Dinge, damit sein Sohn studieren kann.

He renounces to so much things in order that his son is able to study.

08) Sage es ihnen so, dass die anderen es verstehen können.

Tell it to them so that the others can understand it.

09) Er hat nichts gesagt, obwohl ich ihn darum gebeten hatte.

He did not say anything although I had asked him for that.

10) Für den Fall, dass Sie Zeit haben, rufen Sie mich bitte an !

Providing that you have time, please phone me !

11) Wenn du Interesse hast, mir zu helfen, rufe mich an !

If you are interested in helping me, please phone me !

12) Da ich kein Geld habe, bleibe ich zu Hause.

As I have no money, I stay at home.

13) Als ich nach Hause kam, hatte mein Bruder bereits gegessen.

When I came home, my brother had already eaten.

14) Dieses Buch ist gut, denn es ist gut geschrieben.

This book is very good for it is well written.

15) Er ist sehr intelligent, aber leider sehr faul.

He is very intelligent but unfortunately very lazy.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

13) The Prepositions - Die Präpositionen (Die Verhältniswörter)

 

 

A) Setze die richtige Präposition ein !

 

01) Please turn the radiator off, it is too warm !

02) I cannot find my glasses. I have been looking for them all day.

03) The lady inquired about the buses to London.

04) I am looking forward to seeing you next month.

05) Divide 60 by 12 !

06) We all hope for the best.

07) The story turned out to be not true.

08) The policeman took the chief by the collar.

09) I am sorry, we are late. We had to wait for the bus.

10) The plane took off at 10 a.m. .

11) The teacher complained about / of the student's bad marks.

12) The soldiers died of / from hunger.

13) May I introduce to my father.

14) When I was in England, I stayed with a host family.

15) The old man leaned on his walking stick.

16) As I was ill, I had to stay in last week.

17) The answers have to be written down.

18) When she heard the news, she wept for / with joy.

19) The man next door lives by selling cars.

20) You can look up the unknown words in the appendix.

21) Do not write in pencil, but in ink !

22) The children wrote postcards to their parents.

23) The students apply for a new job.

24) The book deals with social problems.

25) The magician changed the parrot into a rabbit.

26) We arrived at the station at midnight.

27) I do not care about / for sport.

28) You must learn to distinguish between good and bad.

29) The students complained about / of the homework.

30) I have not been in town for 3 weeks.

31) He is sitting among the children.

32) We are going to London via Glasgow.

33) 3 weeks ago we talked about this problem.

34) I did not come by train, I came by bus.

35) My father works at Harrods.

36) He has not written to me since last month.

37) My mother is preparing dinner in the kitchen.

38) The accident happened on the road to London.

39) 2 years before I had already been in / to Germany.

40) The robber was condemned to 5 years imprisonment.

41) Can you distinguish a horse from a donkey ?

42) He wanted to pick up his record. He came for the record.

43) The text consists of five chapters.

44) The meal did not agree with me.

45) Be careful ! Look out !